City Hall Construction and Planning
It took a while for a permanent location for San Francisco City Hall to be decided on. The early history of the building was marred by scandal and political disagreements. From 1849 to 1850, city hall was effectively located at the Office of the Alcalde. The location was then moved to Kearny Street for a very short time before going to the Jenny Lind theater which was also at Kearny Street by Washington. Finally in 1872 the very long construction of Old City Hall began and was located at Larkin Street Near Grove. If you are standing on the steps of the current City Hall building and looking out over the plaza to the right, you can see where Old City Hall once was. It was completed 27 long years later in 1899 at a cost of $6 million. Unfortunately, it only stood for 7 years with the 1906 earthquake taking it down to the ground in mere seconds. What took 27 years to build completely shook apart in 26 seconds. Here is a link to discover more details on how this devastating earthquake rocked the city and destroyed Old City Hall . The only part of the building still standing was the French inspired Dome. The image of the dome standing alone with rubble surrounding it became a favorite among photographers in San Francisco and beyond!
New Building Finally Approved
Tired of all of the corruption that accompanied the building of Old City Hall, San Francisco voters turned down a 1909 bond issue to build a new one. Then along came James "Sunny Jim" Rolph the new mayor of San Francisco. Mayor Rolph promised to bring the community together and build a new City Hall. After some amount of controversy, construction began in 1912 with the approval of a $8.8 million bond issue by the San Francisco voters. The Mayor smartly limited the design competition to architects with practices in San FranciscoThe winning design was chosen in 1912 and Arthur Brown's design won. His design was patterned off of the Church of Les Invalides in Paris. Ground breaking occurred on April 5, 1913 with completion occurring around December 28, 1915. Between the land for the site and the building itself, San Francisco City Hall ended up costing around $5 million.
Loma Prieta Earthquake and Other Damage
When the 7.1 magnitude Loma Prieta earthquake hit on October 17, 1989 there were many that were expecting that we might lose City Hall again. Especially in light of the fact that the dome twisted 2 inches and caused cracks throughout the building. But City Hall held tough and only minor visible damage was present. The very next year San Francisco voters passed a general obligation bond of over $300 million for restoration of city hall including a seismic retrofit of the entire building to fix any structural damage. City Hall now possesses a system of hundreds of rubber cushions to help keep it safe in the event of another major San Francisco earthquake.Then on February 13, 1998 a four-alarm blaze started in city hall after welders left some of the wooden substructure smoldering. The fire was quickly put out and the damage repaired. The entire dome was resurfaced after this event and city hall opened again to the public about 1 year later on January 5, 1999.
Marilyn Marries Joe at City Hall
Yes, in 1954, blonde bombshell, Marilyn Monroe married Joltin' Joe Di Maggio in a private room at San Francisco city hall. Of course the privacy was short lived as the press and hundreds of well wishers mobbed the happy wedding couple as they tried to flee. The 3rd floor hallway, (one of our favorite places to photograph wedding couples) was one of the areas they were trapped! Shortly after the wedding, they moved into a cute place in the SF Marina District, but then divorced after only 274 days of marriage. The wedding captured the imaginations of people all over the country, it was one of the major events to occur at City Hall since it had been rebuilt.
City Hall Dome Facts
With a height of 307 feet, the Dome of San Francisco City Hall is the tallest in the United States. It is actually 42 feet higher than the dome at our nation's capital building in Washington DC. The dome's surface is intricately finished in 23.5 Carat gold leaf. It was beautifully refinished during the earthquake retrofit of 1990. The dome of Old City Hall was the only part of the building left standing after the devastating 1906 San Francisco Earthquake ruined the rest of the structure in just a few seconds (see photo at the top of page on the right).
Rotunda and Grand Staircase
The Rotunda floor at city hall features an intricate design and is made of Tennessee pink marble. At certain times of the day the marble reflects light in an amazing way adding drama to wedding photos. It almost takes on a pinkish gold hue if that is even possible. The Grand Staircase was fire hosed down in May of 1960 to repel a student protest that occurred in the main Rotunda. Albert Samuels designed a clock that overlooks the stairs. His Jewelry store was known as "The House of Lucky Wedding Rings." Quite appropriate considering the 30 or so wedding couples that walk down these stairs daily.